Physiology is a critical science providing insight and answers pertaining to the fundamental function and regulation of cells, tissues, organs and systems of living organisms. With particular strength in animal physiology, faculty members in the Department of Biology lead well funded and very active research programs utilizing a comparative and integrative approach, ranging from studies at the molecular level right through to whole animal physiological homeostasis. A broad range of expertise exists within the Department and our animal physiologists employ both popular model animals (e.g. zebrafish, puffer fish, xenopus, rats, mice), as well as less traditional, but equally important species (e.g. mosquito, goldfish etc.). The research of our physiology faculty provides several important contributions in the understanding of fundamental living processes within appropriate organisms. This research has applications to the understanding of disease, impacts of environmental change, and the regulation of organisms that impact human health and activities.